p

pesticides

 

"Chemicals have replaced bacteria and viruses as the main threat to health. The diseases we're beginning to see as the major causes of death in the latter part of this century and into the 21st century are diseases of chemical origin."

 

 

Dick Irwin, toxicologist at Texas A&M Universities

 

WHAT ARE PESTICIDES?

Pesticides are poisons designed to kill a variety of plants and animals such as insects (insecticides), weeds (herbicides), and mold or fungus (fungicides.) Pesticides include active ingredients (chemical compounds designed to kill the target organisms) and inert ingredients which may be carcinogens or toxic substances. They also include rodenticides and wood preservatives.

 

 

cabbage catterpillar

HOW DO PESTICIDES REACH US?

Pesticides can be absorbed through the skin, swallowed or inhaled (most toxic). During application pesticides drift and settle on ponds, laundry, toys, pools and furniture. People and pets track pesticide residue into the house {3}. Only 5% of pesticides reach target weeds. The rest runs off into water or dissipates in the air. Drift from landscaping ranges from 12 feet to 14.5 miles {1}. More serious effects appear to be produced by direct inhalation ofpesticide sprays than by absorption or ingestion of toxins. {2}

 

ARE REGISTERED PESTICIDES SAFE?

NO. Many of the "safety tests" used to test these products are fundamentally inadequate: they test for the acute (not chronic) effects of single (not multiple) chemicals on healthy (not sick, chemically sensitive or immuno-suppressed etc.) adult (not fetal or young) animal (not human) subjects exposed over short (not long) periods of time {10}. Some of the companies testing pesticides have been charged and convicted of falsifying residue and environmental studies that were used to support pesticide registration in the US and Canada {10}. Some pesticides become even more toxic as they break down. (In the US it is a violation of federal law to state that the use of pesticides is safe.) Pesticides initiate and propagate multiple chemical sensitivities. About 16 million US citizens are sensitive to pesticides (i.e. they have compromised immune functioning as a result of pesticide exposure). {10}

 

BESIDES SENSITIVITY AND TOXICITY WHAT OTHER HEALTH RISKS ARE THERE?

increased risk of leukemia
cancers (lung, brain, testicular, lymphoma)
increase in spontaneous abortions
greater genetic damage
decreased fertility
liver and pancreatic damage
neuropathy
disturbances to immune systems (asthma/ allergies)
increases in stillbirths {1}
decreased sperm counts

 

joeWHAT ARE THE MAIN RISKS FOR CHILDREN?

cancer: leukemia and brain cancer
asthma and allergies
polyneuritis with numbness and pain in lower limbs. {5}
altered neurological functioning and long-lasting neuro-behavioral impairments. {10}
birth defects
neurotoxicity
gangrene (tissue death) of the extremities
Children whose homes and gardens are treated with pesticides have 6.5 times greater risk of leukemia than children living in untreated environments. {1,2}

WHO IS MOST SUSCEPTIBLE?

Children, infants and fetuses - relative to adults, children have more rapid breathing and metabolic rates, greater surface to body mass ratios, thinner skins, spend more time in contact with the ground, more frequently place their fingers in their mouths, and are less likely to be able to read hazard signs.
Adults - especially those with asthma, lupus erythematosus, vasculitis, dermatitis and chemical sensitivities {1}.
Animals - pets, wildlife of all kinds and their habitat.

 

WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS ON ANIMALS AND WILDLIFE?

Birds die after eating granular pesticides.
Animals may develop:
cancer
abnormal thyroid function
decreased fertility
decreased hatching success
demasculinization and feminization of males
alteration of immune function {10}
EXAMPLE: 2,4-D - the most common herbicide used by lawn companies:is found in one third of all Canadian pesticides
is present in pesticides and fertilizers found in stores under names that sound safe like "Weed 'n Feed"
is a component of Agent Orange
contains dioxin contaminants {10}.Known Effects:developmental and behavioral effects in various animal species.
associated with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. {10}
reproductive and endocrine disruptions. {13}
associated with a cancer in dogs (canine malignant lymphoma) {10}
increased number of abnormal sperm in exposed farmers. {8}
decreased fertility in male rats. {7}
2,4,-D is under special review by the Environmental Protection Agency in the US because of concerns about chronic health and environmental effects {10} and it is still being used!

 

 

bat and skull

WHAT ARE SYNERGISTIC EFFECTS?

Simultaneous exposures frequently cause synergistic effects, where toxicities of individual toxins can be vastly magnified. Most pesticides contain more than one chemical and during spraying season, most people are exposed to more than one product as they move around their neighbourhoods. Studies for synergistic effects are not required by the EPA for registration of these substances {1}, even though these effects regularly occur when chemicals interact in nature {10}.


WHAT ABOUT UNLISTED "INERT" INGREDIENTS ?

3700 chemicals can legally be concealed in pesticides.-- Dr J. Irwin.
They can comprise up to 97% of products like weed killers.
These so called inerts are often insecticides such as DDT or contaminants such as dioxin.
"Inerts" may be even more toxic than the active ingredients which are listed on the labels. {4}(ie. Reyes Syndrome was linked to an ingredient additive that allowed the pesticide to stick on the trees.)Fertilizer sprays also may contain poisonous solvents.
Applicators do not know the danger of their product because they don't know the identity of the"inert" ingredients.
Inerts sometimes include benzene, known human carcinogen (if it were spilled on the highway, it would be considered a toxic chemical spill.) {11}

 

WHAT ARE THE ALTERNATIVES?

Non-toxic chemical-free lawn care is available. Indoor and outdoor Bio-Tool kits are available for institutions, golf courses, schools, green houses and many applications. These approaches are compatible with composting, with home vegetable gardens, gardening for wildlife, and with children walking to school safely. Chemical Pesticides have only been in existence for about 50 years. Gardeners, farmers, and foresters have always had to control pests,using methods like crop rotation, companion planting, biological controls. It is only recently that pest management has become virtually synonymous with the use of chemical pesticides. We must reverse this unsustainable trend. Ecological methods of pest control must replace the over-dependence on chemicals that now threatens us all.


WHY ARE PESTICIDES USED?

Most people are unaware of pesticide dangers. (most companies claim they are "Safe"!)
Most people do not know that non-toxic lawn care is available.
There is a powerful economic incentive for large chemical companies to promote pesticides. In 1987 the companies ranked by pesticide sales include: DuPont - $510 million, Monsanto - $480 million, ICI - $460 million, Ciba Geigy $450 million {1}. This, today, is considered a growth "toxic" industry.

 

HOW EFFECTIVE ARE LAWN CHEMICALS?

Chemical fertilizers and pesticides on lawns weaken the grass and destroy the natural balance of microbes and beneficial insect predators, thus promoting weed and insect proliferation.Despite a 10 - fold increase in insecticide use, studies have shown a proliferation in types of pests from fewer than 10 to more than 300 {1}.
Of the 25 most serious insect pests in California in 1970, 24 were secondary pests (produced because of insecticides) and 73% are resistant to one or more insecticides {1}.INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS When it comes to pesticide use in Canada, we are a human experiment without records being kept. We have chemical warfare going on in our neighborhoods. The spreading and the spraying of chemicals on lawns, trees and in houses is against the common right of all citizens to breathe clean air and to remain in good health {4} -- Dr.J. Irwin

REFERENCES

{1}Rea, William J., 1996, Pesticides. Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine 6, 55-124.

{2}Lowengart, et al., 1987, Journal of National Cancer Institute, 79: 39-46.

{3} Eagles Eye, World Wildlife Fund Publication. Summer 1995.

{4}Irwin, J. Pesticides, Are They Silent Killers? Family Practise July 20,1991

{5}Journal of the American Medical Association 1989;30:1306. Mayo Clinic;Medical Toxicology 1988;3:350-75. National Poisons Unit, Guy's Hospital, London, England.

{6} Goodman and Gillman, The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 1985,

{7}Macmillian Publishing Company, New York.

{8} Seilier J.P. 1979, Phenoxyacids as inhibitors of testicular DNA syntheses in male mice. Bull. Environ. Cont. Toxic vol. 21:89-92.

{9} Lerda, D. & R.Rizzi, 1991, Study of reproductive function in persons occupationally exposed to 2,4-dichloraphenoyactetic acid (2,4-D) Mut. Res. 262: 47-50.

{10} Hammond, M., 1995, Pesticide Bylaws: Why We Need Them and How to Get Them. Consultancy for Alternative Education, Quebec.

{11} Spears T., 1995, Toronto Star April 29.

 

ABOUT US

 

We are a Small Wildlife Charity that this year will respond to over 1600 wildlife rescues. Each year this number increases along with our costs. We care, treat, and rehabilitate all of our British wildlife. Read More

 

 

education

 

As well as working on the front line we give talks and show our stunning wildlife to a variety of groups and schools - Wildlife Rocks Me Talks. We believe that a better understanding of these creatures will promote not only tolerance but a willingness to integrate them into our lives.

 

Children will become the custodians of our planet and we hope, through our talks, will have a better understanding of and take an interest in our wonderful wildlife as they take on that ultimate role.

 

We raise funds by donations, our newsletter, attending County Shows, Car boot sales, selling on eBay, Fairs, and our shop.

volunteers


We are a small charity run totally by volunteers. Our volunteers are dedicated and come from a wide range of back grounds. We are always looking for more volunteers to carry out some of the roles below.
If you have some spare time and would like to help us in some areas, please fill out the following from and return it to [email protected] and we will contact you.


As well as helping with animal care, there are other volunteering opportunities. Maybe you could collect injured animals in your area when needed and bring them into us. Perhaps you have experience in fundraising or PR and you can help raise awareness of our charity through local and national media? Or maybe you have strong admin. skills.

 

We are sorry but we cannot take anyone under the age of 18.


If you think that you have the skills to help us then please complete the Volunteer Application Form below in the first instance. We will then be in touch to discuss the opportunities available and to arrange for you to come for a Volunteer Induction. READ THIS

why we do it

Once upon a time, there was a wise man who used to go to the ocean to do his writing. He had a habit of walking on the beach before he began his work.

One day, as he was walking along the shore, he looked down the beach and saw a human figure moving like a dancer. He smiled to himself at the thought of someone who would dance on the beach, and so he walked faster to catch up.

As he got closer, he noticed that the figure was that of a young man, and that what he was doing was not dancing at all. The young man was reaching down to the shore, picking up small objects, and throwing them into the ocean READ MORE

How we started

Whilst out walking with my dog in the early 1980's I found a small hedgehog stuck in a fence. He was too fat to go through and his prickles wouldn't let him go back.


He had been pushing so long in an attempt to free himself that the wire had cut into his body and his leg was bleeding where he had pushed and pushed against the ground. I had in my handbag a pair of pliers (no surprise to anyone who knows me) I cut the wire and removed the hedgehog READ MORE

Shopping on-line with Amazon

 

amazon
If you shop with Amazon please use our link. For every pound you spend Amazon will donate money to us. Just click on the link and shop as normal. You pay and buy through amazon and have all your consumer rights. By using our link Amazon sends us a tiny percentage of your purchase without affecting the cost to you. Every little helps.

Amazon has an incredible diversity of products to suit every person for every occasion and just about every need. So please think about shopping with them and helping us.

The link for Amazon can be found on most of the pages on this site and is below. Just click onto the link and you are straight into Amazon.

 

This page was proof read by John

 

 

please donate here

Help us to help the wildlife we care for by donating here. Click on the button below. Just one sachet of cat food feeds a baby hedgehog for a day

newsletter

Enter your email and we will send you a Newsletter with tips and information on encouraging and supporting our native wildlife and updates on our patients

 


 

 

 

logo

hog skull

  • SHOP ON LINE
  •  

    Adopt a Creature
    Annual Charity Auction

    Badger Cull
    Brian’s Cub
    Bio-maginfication
    Cat Lover or hater?
    Corporate Talks
    Corporate Sponsorship
    Corporate Wildlife Gardens
    Donate Cat & Dog Food
    Don’t use slug pellets
    Emergency Care of Wildlife
    Emergency Snow Care
    Encouraging and discouraging Wildlife

    Giant Fox
    Give a Hog a name.
    Hibernation
    Hold a Sponsored Event

    Krazy Kate's Tour de UK

    Lame Claims
    Legacy
    News of the Wild Blog
    Membership
    Objectives
    Our Rescue
    Our Team
    Peregrine Decline
    Pesticides
    Press Releases
    Raise Funds for Us
    School Talks
    School Sponsorship
    School Events
    SHOP ON-LINE
    Small feet Journal
    Sponsor a Creature

    Urban Fox
    Volunteer
    Who are you killing with slug pellets
    Wiildlife

    Wildlife Ponds
    Wildlife Rocks Me Annual Event
    Wildlife Rocks Me Talks
    Wildlife Gardens
    Wish List
    1,000 Grebes Killed

    volunteers

    We are run totally by volunteers. Our volunteers are dedicated and come from a wide range of backgrounds and all bring something special to our team.

     

    We are always looking for more volunteers to carry out some of the roles below.


    If you have some spare time and would like to help us in some area please fill out the following form and return it to [email protected] and we will be in contact with you.


    As well as helping with animal care, there are other volunteering opportunities.

    Maybe you could collect injured animals in your area when needed and bring them into us.

     

    Perhaps you have experience in fundraising or PR and you can help raise awareness of our charity through local and national media?

    Maybe you have strong administration skills.


    If you think that you have the skills to help us then please complete the form on this page. Volunteers

    We are sorry but we cannot take anyone under the age of 18.

     

    How we started

     

    Whilst out walking with my dog in the early 1980's I found a small hedgehog stuck in a fence. He was too fat to go through and his prickles wouldn't let him go back.


    He had been pushing so long in an attempt to free himself that the wire had cut into his body and his leg was bleeding where he had pushed and pushed against the ground. I had in my handbag a pair of pliers (no surprise to anyone who knows me) I cut the wire and removed the hedgehog READ MORE

     

     

    ABOUT US

     

    We are a Small Wildlife Charity that this year will respond to over 1600 wildlife rescues. Each year this number increases along with our costs. We care, treat, and rehabilitate all of our British wildlife. Read More

     

     

    education

     

    As well as working on the front line we give talks and show our stunning wildlife to a variety of groups and schools - Wildlife Rocks Me Talks. We believe that a better understanding of these creatures will promote not only tolerance but a willingness to integrate them into our lives.

     

    Children will become the custodians of our planet and we hope, through our talks, will have a better understanding of and take an interest in our wonderful wildlife as they take on that ultimate role.

     

    We raise funds by donations, our newsletter, attending County Shows, Car boot sales, selling on eBay, Fairs, and our shop.

     

    There are many ways you can help us

     

    See if you can help us by clicking here - Can You Help Us . From hands on volunteering to clicking at home we need all sorts of help and all sorts of people to join our small and crazy team.

    our wonderful team

    To find out a little about the people that run our rescue Click here Our Team

     

    long term goals

    Our long term goal is to set up an exciting Education Centre for school and groups ·with a fully equipped 24 hours wildlife hospital with full time vets and ambulances. Anyone able to help with this progress this in relation to land and finance should contact Anne for more detail on. [email protected]